re killed by the Tutsi army.
For all intense and purposes, the Catholic church had turned Rwanda into a Christian country and as such the close relations between the state and religion was becoming rather blurred . The Hutu nationalist elites were being educated in Catholic schools. The Tutsi began to realize that the tide was turning and were powerless to change course. President Gregoire Kayibanda, a Hutu had close links with Monsignor Andre Peirraudin, the Catholic Archbishop. The Archbishop himself was a great supporter of the Hutu revolutionary movement.
In 1994 the year of the genocide, Vincent Nsengiyumva, the Archbishop of Kigali was on the Central Committee of the political ruling party and close to the Hutu Nationalists, who orchestrated the genocide against the Tutsi. President Geogoire Kabibanda of Rwanda set out a policy of 'purifying' the country by iniating a '9%' Tutsi quota in the social, political and economic power sharing. But the anti-Tutsi sentiment and campaign began in earnest when Major Juvenal Habyarimma ousted Kayibanda in a coup in 1977 and declared himself ruler and President.
Always on Time
Marked to Standard
The grounds of this boycott started many years before Rosa Park was arrested. At that time, many groups including a group of black professionals had turned their attention to Jim Crow actions on the city bus in Montgomery (Morris, 1984). The council's meeting with the mayor Gayle, the changes were outlined by the council, in which changes were sought concerning the bus systems at Montgomery.
Amongst the changes were, no one was to stand in city busses while there were empty seats. A level that blacks not to pay at the bus front door then enters through the back rear door. Another policy was that, the busses were to stand at every corner of black's regions of residence, as the routine was in the whites' residential areas. After the meeting, the blacks were not able to see any fruitful change as discussed by the mayor, the president of WPC at that time; Jo Ann Robinson, restated that the request that was made by the council during their meeting with the mayor, is making people to plan for a city wide boycott of city busses.
Proving that this mainly an extension of processes that had begun earlier. On December 4th, the leaders of WPC and other community leaders held a meeting in which they discussed about the issue of holding a boycott of Montgomery city busses. In the process of the meeting, a new alliance was formed by the group called Montgomery Improvement Alliance, which was appreciated as MIA. The leader of the MIA was Luther who now latter become the fighter of civil rights that took 381 days. This led to U.S Supreme Court denouncing segregation as being not constitutional, due to pressure that was too high in the country as per that time.
After the arrest of Park, the spread of the information that demanded for an action followed. The following morning, the meeting led by the leaders of MIA, made a proposal about the boycott of public transit demanding equal rights in city busses (Garrow, 1987). Proving that it was just an extension of what was happening, the MIA leaders did not demand for full integration. In addition, the leaders just followed normal Pattern of boycott campaigns in the South.
The major morale booster during the boycott was the successful boycott that occurred few years back, which involved service stations at Mississippi, when the blacks were not given rest rooms. During that campaign, the organizers had brutally talked about slaying Emmet Till, as the guest of the king at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, just about four days only before the arrest of Parks. Amongst the audience Parks was there, and after which Parks said that, by the time she was refusing to give up the seat to the white, Emmet was in her minds. This showed that, the spirit of boycott was not somewhat, other than just mainly just being an extension of earlier processes and traditions.
Lutheran churches were set up in North German states followed by in Scandinavia. Henry VIII used this chance to revolt against Roman Church's control and supported Luther and appointed himself as the head of religion in England.